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Write down the main concerns of natural approach theory in teaching language.

The Natural Approach is a language teaching methodology developed by Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell. It is based on the principles of second language...
HomeEnglishWrite a short note on Active filter Hypothesis

Write a short note on Active filter Hypothesis

Imagine your brain has a built-in filter for language learning. This metaphorical “filter,” proposed by Stephen Krashen, is the Active Filter Hypothesis (AFH). It suggests that emotions like anxiety, low motivation, and self-doubt act as barriers to language acquisition, while positive emotions like confidence and enjoyment lower the filter and facilitate learning.

Key ideas:

  • High filter = blocked learning: Negative emotions raise the filter, limiting exposure to language input crucial for subconscious acquisition.
  • Low filter = open to learning: Positive emotions lower the filter, allowing input to reach the “acquisition device” for natural language growth.
  • Motivation, self-confidence, and anxiety are key factors influencing the filter’s state.

Implications for language learning:

  • Create a supportive, low-stress environment: Encourage intrinsic motivation, build confidence, and reduce anxiety in learners.
  • Focus on meaningful, comprehensible input: Provide language exposure at a level slightly above current understanding, but engaging and relevant.
  • Prioritize enjoyment and positive emotions: Make learning fun, use games, and celebrate successes to lower the filter.

Note: AFH is not without its critics, with some questioning its empirical evidence and specific mechanisms. However, it remains a valuable concept for understanding the emotional aspects of language learning and the importance of fostering a positive learning environment.

Think: how can you apply AFH to your own language learning or teaching?