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Write down the main concerns of natural approach theory in teaching language.

The Natural Approach is a language teaching methodology developed by Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell. It is based on the principles of second language...
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What are the macro and micro writing skills?

Macro and micro writing skills refer to different levels of proficiency and components involved in the process of writing. These terms are commonly used in the field of language education to describe the various aspects of written communication. Here’s an overview of macro and micro writing skills:

  1. Macro Writing Skills:
    • Text Organization: Macro-level skills involve the overall organization and structure of a piece of writing. This includes understanding how to introduce and conclude a text, create cohesive paragraphs, and organize ideas in a logical sequence.
    • Content Development: Developing a coherent and well-supported argument or narrative is a macro-level skill. It involves presenting ideas in a clear, concise, and meaningful way, ensuring that the content is relevant to the intended audience.
    • Genre Awareness: Writers need to be aware of different genres (e.g., essays, reports, narratives) and understand how to adapt their writing style and structure according to the conventions of each genre.
    • Audience Awareness: Macro-level skills also involve considering the needs and expectations of the intended audience. Effective writers tailor their content and language to suit the readership.
    • Text Cohesion: Ensuring smooth and cohesive transitions between sentences and paragraphs is crucial for macro-level writing. This involves using cohesive devices such as conjunctions, transitional phrases, and logical connectors.
  2. Micro Writing Skills:
    • Grammar and Syntax: Micro-level skills focus on the mechanics of language, including grammatical accuracy and sentence structure. Writers need to demonstrate proficiency in using correct grammar, punctuation, and syntax.
    • Spelling and Vocabulary: Attention to spelling and a varied, precise vocabulary are micro-level skills. Writers must choose words carefully and use correct spelling to convey their ideas accurately.
    • Sentence Construction: Crafting clear and concise sentences is a micro-level skill. This includes understanding sentence types (simple, compound, complex) and avoiding awkward or ambiguous phrasing.
    • Punctuation: Micro-level skills involve using punctuation correctly to enhance clarity and convey meaning. This includes the proper use of commas, periods, semicolons, and other punctuation marks.
    • Style and Tone: Micro-level writing skills also encompass the writer’s style and tone. Effective writers choose an appropriate style for their purpose and maintain a consistent tone throughout their writing.
    • Editing and Proofreading: Reviewing and revising for errors and clarity are micro-level skills. Writers need to edit their work for coherence, accuracy, and overall quality.

Both macro and micro writing skills are essential for producing effective written communication. Writers must balance attention to the overall organization and development of their ideas (macro) with meticulous focus on language mechanics, grammar, and style (micro) to create well-crafted and impactful texts.