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Write down the main concerns of natural approach theory in teaching language.

The Natural Approach is a language teaching methodology developed by Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell. It is based on the principles of second language...
HomeEnglishWhat are the basic differences between CLT and GTM?

What are the basic differences between CLT and GTM?

Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) and Grammar-Translation Method (GTM) are two distinct approaches to language teaching, each with its own philosophy, principles, and techniques. Here are some basic differences between CLT and GTM:

  1. Philosophy and Purpose:
    • CLT: Focuses on communication as the primary goal of language learning. The emphasis is on real-life communication, and the goal is to develop students’ ability to use the language in authentic contexts.
    • GTM: Primarily concerned with teaching grammatical rules and vocabulary. The goal is often to help students read and translate texts in the target language.
  2. Role of Grammar:
    • CLT: Views grammar as a tool for communication. Grammar is learned inductively, through exposure to authentic language use, and learners acquire it through context and communication.
    • GTM: Emphasizes explicit teaching of grammar rules. Learners are expected to memorize rules, verb conjugations, and vocabulary lists.
  3. Language Use:
    • CLT: Encourages learners to use the language in meaningful and authentic ways. Activities involve interaction, role-plays, discussions, and real-life communication tasks.
    • GTM: Focuses more on written language and translation. Students often work on exercises that involve translating sentences between the target language and their native language.
  4. Skills Emphasis:
    • CLT: Integrates all language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) in a communicative context. The emphasis is on developing overall language proficiency.
    • GTM: Tends to prioritize reading and writing skills, with a focus on translation. Speaking and listening skills may receive less attention.
  5. Student-Centered vs. Teacher-Centered:
    • CLT: Tends to be more student-centered, with an emphasis on learner autonomy, interaction, and collaborative learning.
    • GTM: Often more teacher-centered, with the teacher playing a central role in delivering information, explaining rules, and directing activities.
  6. Use of Authentic Materials:
    • CLT: Involves the use of authentic materials such as real texts, videos, and audio recordings to expose learners to natural language use.
    • GTM: Often relies on artificial or contrived language examples created for instructional purposes.
  7. Error Correction:
    • CLT: Views errors as a natural part of the learning process. Learners are encouraged to take risks, and errors are corrected in a constructive manner.
    • GTM: Tends to be more concerned with accuracy, and errors are often corrected in a more direct and explicit manner.

It’s important to note that many language teaching approaches incorporate elements from different methodologies, and educators may adopt a flexible approach based on the needs and preferences of their students. However, understanding the fundamental differences between CLT and GTM provides insights into their contrasting approaches to language instruction.